Plato first described the misplaced kingdom of Atlantis in 360 BCE. He wrote of a mountainous island crafted by Poseidon, stuffed with elephants and gold. However round 9,000 years prior, he claimed, earthquakes and floods sank the town into the ocean.
He in all probability made the entire thing up. Nonetheless, that hasn’t stopped Atlantologists from gathering “proof” of its existence. Inspiration abounds: Coastal cities collapse and islands submerge, whether or not from rising oceans or sinking shorelines. These misplaced lands provide a setting for theories on the place the town could as soon as have stood.
1. Bimini Highway
Within the mid-’60s, divers encountered a remarkably straight half mile of evenly spaced, uniform stones. Carbon relationship and an absence of device marks recommend pure erosion is accountable, however some consider it’s from a sunken civilization.
2. Souss-Massa Plain
A 2008 evaluation of 51 Platonic descriptors of Atlantis recognized a number of doable coordinates, together with these coastal dunes, which characteristic intriguing concentric dry riverbeds. Sadly, there’s scant proof of any empire.
3. Spartel Financial institution
Plato stated the misplaced metropolis lay past the Pillars of Hercules—two rocks within the Strait of Gibraltar. The island of Spartel as soon as sat there. Passing sailors could have seen it vanish on the finish of the final ice age, but when so, they left no data.
The British Isles had been as soon as linked to Europe by a low-lying landmass. However when a megatsunami struck round 6000 BCE, the area disappeared, leaving bones and instruments from native hunter-gatherers embedded within the seafloor.
A tsunami walloped this Greek city in Plato’s day, and plenty of assumed its stays lay within the Corinthian Gulf. However within the 1990s, archaeologists discovered it half a mile inland, buried beneath just a few dozen ft of sediment by a course of known as soil liquefaction.
Historian Charles Hapgood argued the southern continent was as soon as a northern landmass with Atlantis on its shore. Then, 12,000 years in the past, a shift within the crust despatched it south. Antarctica did make that journey—some 30 million years in the past.
7. Marshall Islands
We could have one other “Atlantis” sometime. Sea stage rise threatens coastal communities, together with this community of atolls with a mean elevation of simply six ft. With out intervention, they’ll seemingly be underwater by midcentury.
This story seems within the Fall 2020, Mysteries problem of Standard Science.