Pandemic-related shutdowns might have spared Earth’s ambiance some greenhouse gasoline emissions final yr, however the world continued to heat.
Water temperature measurements from across the globe point out that the entire quantity of warmth saved within the higher oceans in 2020 was increased than some other yr on report relationship again to 1955, researchers report on-line January 13 in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences. Monitoring ocean temperature is necessary as a result of hotter water melts extra ice off the sides of Greenland and Antarctica, which raises sea ranges (SN: 4/30/20) and supercharges tropical storms (SN: 11/11/20).
Researchers estimated the entire warmth vitality saved within the higher 2,000 meters of Earth’s oceans utilizing temperature knowledge from moored sensors, drifting probes referred to as Argo floats, underwater robots and different devices (SN: 5/19/10). The crew discovered that higher ocean waters contained 234 sextillion, or 1021, joules extra warmth vitality in 2020 than the annual common from 1981 to 2010. Warmth vitality storage was up about 20 sextillion joules from 2019 — suggesting that in 2020, Earth’s oceans absorbed about sufficient warmth to boil 1.three billion kettles of water.
This evaluation might overestimate how a lot the oceans warmed final yr, says examine coauthor Kevin Trenberth, a local weather scientist with the U.S. Nationwide Middle for Atmospheric Analysis who’s at present primarily based in Auckland, New Zealand. So the researchers additionally crunched ocean temperature knowledge utilizing a second, extra conservative technique for estimating complete annual ocean warmth and located that the bounce from 2019 to 2020 might be as little as 1 sextillion joules. That’s nonetheless 65 million kettles delivered to boil.
The three different warmest years on report for the world’s oceans had been 2017, 2018 and 2019. “What we’re seeing here’s a variant on the film Groundhog Day,” says examine coauthor Michael Mann, a local weather scientist at Penn State. “Groundhog Day has a contented ending. This gained’t if we don’t act now to dramatically cut back carbon emissions.”