Stonehenge could have had roots in a Welsh stone circle

At an historic website located among the many hills of western Wales, researchers suspect they’ve uncovered the remnants of a stone circle that contained preliminary constructing blocks of Stonehenge.

Excavations of the location are within the early levels, however the stone circle was in all probability dismantled between 5,400 and 5,200 years in the past, say College Faculty London archaeologist Mike Parker Pearson and his colleagues. That’s roughly just a few hundred years or much less earlier than work started at Stonehenge. Individuals on the newly excavated website then maybe moved about 280 kilometers to southern England, carrying with them stones that have been used within the first section of constructing the enduring monument (SN: 9/6/12), the investigators suggest within the February Antiquity.

Others, although, warning that extra excavation must be completed earlier than clinching the case.

The stone circle was discovered at website known as Waun Mawn, which lies within the Preseli area of Wales. The location is close to quarries beforehand recognized as sources of smaller Stonehenge stones, often known as bluestones. If Parker Pearson’s group is true, then historic inhabitants actions out of Wales clarify why bluestones at Stonehenge got here from far-off. Different Stonehenge stones, similar to the enduring, large boulders often known as sarsen stones, got here from native sources.

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According to a migration situation, massive stone monuments and different indicators of human exercise in western Wales largely disappeared between round 5,000 to 4,000 years in the past. “Possibly most people [in the Preseli region] migrated, taking their stones — their ancestral identities — with them,” Parker Pearson says. Earlier analyses of chemical parts in cremated human stays at Stonehenge indicated {that a} substantial variety of these people had come from western Wales (SN: 8/2/18).

The brand new report raises the likelihood {that a} 900-year-old legend about Stonehenge being constructed from an older, distant stone circle incorporates a kernel of reality. Twelfth century English cleric Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote of the legendary wizard Merlin taking a military to Eire to seize a magical stone circle that was rebuilt as Stonehenge to commemorate the deaths of Britons killed by Saxons.

Floor surveys at Waun Mawn in 2011 failed to seek out proof of a stone circle. However excavations at Waun Mawn in 2017 and 2018 revealed an arc of 4 former standing stones and 6 earthen holes from which standing stones had been eliminated. These finds initially fashioned a part of a circle of maybe 30 to 50 standing stones, the researchers estimate. Relationship of sediment layers and burned wooden fragments supplied an age estimate for the location.

A number of traits of Waun Mawn link it to Stonehenge, the scientists contend. First, two adjoining stone holes at Waun Mawn have been organized in order that their stones fashioned an entryway that, when considered from the middle of the circle, confronted the midsummer solstice dawn. The identical alignment characterizes Stonehenge.

Second, one bluestone at Stonehenge options an uncommon, five-sided cross part at its base that matches the form and dimensions of an unearthed Waun Mawn stone gap. This Stonehenge bluestone probably got here from the Wales website, the researchers recommend.

Third, the whole Waun Mawn stone circle had an estimated diameter of 110 meters, the identical because the ditch that encircles Stonehenge.

Waun Mawn couldn’t have equipped all the roughly 80 bluestones at Stonehenge and at a close-by website known as Bluestonehenge. Parker Pearson suspects different, still-undiscovered stone circles in western Wales contributed to the development of Stonehenge and Bluestonehenge.

There’s cause to be skeptical concerning the new research, says archaeologist Timothy Darvill of Bournemouth College in Poole, England. “Whether or not the discoveries at Waun Mawn are actually the stays of a stone circle wants additional work, together with extra in depth excavations to pattern a wider space,” he says.

There are a number of issues with the brand new report, says Darvill. Recognized stone circles usually include evenly spaced stones, whereas the 4 stones found at Waun Mawn are irregularly spaced. Most massive stone circles in western England and Wales have clearly outlined entrances, however it’s not clear that the proposed entryway at Waun Mawn served that function. And a few earthen sockets on the Welsh website might need been created by farmers clearing fields.

Whereas the ultimate verdict on Waun Mawn continues to be out, prior proof signifies that stones used to assemble large buildings have been transported and recycled in lots of components of western Europe across the time Stonehenge was assembled (SN: 2/11/19), says archaeologist Chris Scarre of Durham College in England.

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