This COVID-19 pandemic timeline exhibits the coronavirus’ affect

Few folks observed on New Yr’s Eve final 12 months when China reported a thriller sickness to the World Well being Group. However quickly, the never-before-seen coronavirus accountable for the illness was infiltrating the remainder of the world.

As we put together to enter the second 12 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, Science Information seems to be again on how the illness took over 2020 and the way society tried to battle again.

December 31, 2019

China notifies the World Well being Group a couple of cluster of pneumonia instances of unknown trigger in Wuhan.

January 9, 2020

The WHO pronounces a novel coronavirus is the reason for the pneumonia.

January 10

Scientists launch the virus’s full genetic blueprint.

January 13

Thailand stories the primary identified novel coronavirus an infection exterior of China. Inside every week, Japan and South Korea report instances.

January 21

The primary U.S. an infection is reported within the state of Washington.

Scientists announce the virus can unfold person-to-person.

January 23

Wuhan goes into lockdown to stem the virus’ unfold.

Preliminary coronavirus instances had been linked to a market in Wuhan, China (proven earlier than the pandemic). However consultants now doubt that’s the place the outbreak began. Imaginechina Restricted/Alamy Inventory PhotoJanuary 24

France stories the primary instances in Europe.

January 25

Australia stories its first case.

January 30

Scientists say an contaminated particular person unfold the virus earlier than exhibiting signs.

February 3

The Diamond Princess cruise ship is quarantined in Japan. Ultimately, 712 of the three,711 folks on board check constructive. By mid-March, cruise ship vacationers symbolize about 17 % of identified U.S. instances.

February 5

The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention releases a flawed COVID-19 diagnostic check, delaying the nation’s capability to display extensively for the virus.

The novel coronavirus (spherical yellow objects on this scanning electron microscope picture) was dubbed SARS-CoV-2 in February. NIAID-RMLFebruary 11

Virologists title the virus “extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2,” or SARS-CoV-2, as a result of it’s associated to the virus that brought about the 2002–2003 SARS outbreak. The illness attributable to SARS-CoV-2 is called “COVID-19.”

February 14

Egypt stories Africa’s first case.

February 26

Brazil stories South America’s first case.

March 9

Italy begins a nationwide lockdown. Ten days later, the nation’s COVID-19 deaths prime 3,400, surpassing China’s demise toll.

Troopers patrolled Rome on March 9 as a nationwide lockdown in Italy started.Giuseppe Fama/Pacific Press/LightRocket by way of Getty ImagesMarch 10

After a choir in Washington state meets for a follow, over 80 % of attendees get contaminated, suggesting airborne transmission of the virus.

March 11

The WHO declares the outbreak is a pandemic. The virus has unfold to not less than 114 nations, killed over 4,000 folks and contaminated practically 120,000.

March 16

COVID-19 vaccine security checks start in america and in China.

March 17

Opposite to conspiracy theories, a examine confirms the virus was not made in or launched from a lab. Subsequent analysis suggests a bat is the most definitely source.

March 19

California points the primary statewide stay-at-home order.

March 27

Because the variety of U.S. instances surpasses 100,000, america turns into the brand new epicenter of the pandemic.

Initially authorized for emergency use in some COVID-19 sufferers, hydroxychloroquine was later discovered not efficient, and in June the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration revoked authorization for treating COVID-19 sufferers exterior of medical trials.amlanmathur/iStock/Getty Photos Plus

March 28

The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration grants emergency use authorization for hydroxychloroquine, an antimalaria drug, to deal with some hospitalized sufferers.

April 2

International instances hit 1 million. Greater than 53,000 folks have died.

April 3

With proof mounting that the virus can unfold by the air and that asymptomatic persons are contagious, the CDC recommends folks put on face coverings in public.

April 11

U.S. demise toll hits 20,000 folks, surpassing the variety of deaths in Italy.

April 28

U.S. instances attain 1 million.

In Might, cemetery staff buried the stays of individuals unclaimed by kin in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. The nation nonetheless has one of many world’s highest COVID-19 mortality charges. David Peinado/NurPhoto by way of Getty ImagesMay 1

The FDA grants emergency use authorization for the antiviral drug remdesivir for severely in poor health sufferers after preliminary findings recommend the drug can shorten hospital stays.

Might 14

The CDC sends out an advisory about instances of a multi­system inflammatory syndrome in kids who check constructive for the virus.

June 15

The FDA revokes emergency use authorization for hydroxychloroquine after a number of research present no profit.

June 16

Dexamethasone, a steroid, is the primary drug discovered to scale back COVID-19 deaths, amongst folks sick sufficient to want respiratory assist.

June 25

China approves a vaccine to be used by the navy, earlier than last security and efficacy testing is accomplished.

June 28

Lower than six months after the illness is called, greater than 10 million folks worldwide have been contaminated with the virus and over 500,000 have died.

July 10

Gilead Sciences, the maker of remdesivir, claims the drug reduces danger of demise from COVID-19.

July 27

Pfizer and Moderna start recruiting tens of 1000’s of volunteers for late-phase medical trials of their vaccines.

August 11

Russian President Vladimir Putin pronounces {that a} vaccine dubbed Sputnik V shall be accessible to most people, despite the fact that all phases of testing will not be but accomplished.

August 17

Every week into the autumn semester, the College of North Carolina at Chapel Hill pronounces all undergraduate lessons will transfer on-line due to excessive an infection charges on campus.

August 23

The FDA grants emergency use authorization for convalescent plasma to deal with hospitalized sufferers, regardless of a scarcity of medical trials assessing whether or not blood from recovered sufferers truly helps battle the illness.

August 25

The primary report of an individual being reinfected with the virus raises considerations about how lengthy immunity lasts.

September 28

Greater than 1 million folks have died from COVID-19; over 40 % of deaths have occurred in america, Brazil and India.

October 2

President Donald Trump tweets that he’s contaminated, turning into the newest in a collection of world leaders to get COVID-19. He’s later hospitalized and receives remdesivir, dexamethasone and an experimental antibody remedy.

President Donald Trump left Walter Reed Nationwide Navy Medical Heart in Bethesda, Md., on October 5 after receiving remedy for COVID-19.SAUL LOEB/AFP by way of Getty ImagesOctober 22

Remdesivir turns into the primary drug to win full FDA approval for treating COVID-19. Every week earlier, nevertheless, a WHO examine discovered that the drug doesn’t cut back COVID-19 deaths, countering the drugmaker’s earlier declare.

October 23

Researchers report that Hispanic and Black residents are disproportionately represented amongst U.S. COVID-19 deaths. From Might by August, Hispanic or Latino folks accounted for 24.2 % of the overall deaths. Non-Hispanic Black folks accounted for 18.7 % of the deaths.

November 9

Primarily based on preliminary information, Pfizer says its vaccine seems to be 90 % efficient at stopping folks from getting sick from the coronavirus. Subsequent findings recommend 95 % effectiveness.

The FDA grants emergency use authorization for Eli Lilly’s monoclonal antibody remedy. The lab-made antibodies could maintain virus ranges low in newly contaminated folks and forestall hospitalizations.

With COVID-19 instances surging throughout america, folks in El Paso, Texas, lined up for drive-through testing on November 9.Joel Angel Juarez/Bloomberg by way of Getty ImagesNovember 16

Moderna says its vaccine is 95 % efficient.

November 20

Pfizer seeks emergency FDA approval for its vaccine. Ten days later, Moderna requests the identical.

November 23

AstraZeneca stories its vaccine is 62 to 90 % efficient.

December 2

The UK clears Pfizer’s vaccine for emergency use.

December 10

An advisory committee recommends that the FDA grant emergency use authorization of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine.

International instances stand at greater than 69 million, with greater than 1.5 million deaths.

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