The US is failing to gradual the unfold of the coronavirus. Prior to now eight days, the nation reported a million new COVID-19 infections, bringing the cumulative complete to over 11 million circumstances as of Sunday evening. The Midwest is at present being hit the toughest, with the very best variety of circumstances per capita, however an infection charges are trending up in each state as we head into the vacation season.
There could also be some hope on the horizon: This morning, Moderna reported that their COVID-19 vaccine is 94.5 % efficient in early scientific trials. Anthony Fauci mentioned in a At the moment Present interview that high-risk People might obtain the vaccine from Moderna or Pfizer, the opposite firm with a promising vaccine in late scientific trials, as early as late December.
Proper now, although, it’s as essential as ever to take care to gradual the unfold of the coronavirus in addition to influenza as flu season approaches. Washing your arms incessantly, sporting a masks, protecting a social distance from others, staying residence at any time when potential, and getting your flu shot all assist to guard your self and your neighborhood from sickness this yr.
COVID-19 could decrease sperm depend and high quality
Past the COVID-19 signs we’re already conversant in, there are doubtlessly much more long-term penalties of the virus now we have but to come across. One among these, a brand new examine printed in EClinicalMedicine exhibits, might be a lower in sperm depend and high quality amongst males recovering from the virus.
In a pattern of six males who died from COVID-19 and 23 males who have been recovering from the virus, researchers discovered that the speed of low sperm depend and high quality was far larger than within the management group of males who had by no means been contaminated. Within the males who died of the virus, the researchers discovered indicators of irritation and blood within the testes. As well as, 39 % of the boys recovering from the virus had low sperm counts regardless of having organic youngsters previously, and there have been excessive ranges of white blood cells in 61 % of this pattern.
It’s price noting that this examine used fairly a small pattern measurement, and that whereas it’s unlikely that these outcomes might have been coincidental and never associated to the virus, it isn’t statistically unimaginable. There was additionally no sperm depend or high quality information from these males previous to contracting COVID, which implies researchers can’t set up whether or not they might have already had low counts or if the virus brought on a change. Extra analysis is required to confirm the findings of this examine.
Co-infection of influenza and COVID-19 is feasible and has already occurred thrice within the US
Flu season is starting to ramp up and the pandemic continues to tear by means of the US, and in line with specialists, there’s nothing stopping you from catching each viruses directly. The third documented co-infection of influenza and COVID-19 was reported this week in Solano County, California.
Although these co-infections are uncommon to date, that’s most probably as a consequence of the truth that flu season has not but reached its peak within the US. Researchers consider that catching one of many viruses might weaken your immune system and make you extra vulnerable to the opposite. And there are a couple of preliminary research exhibiting that individuals who catch each viruses might fare worse, Tara Bouton, a doctor at Boston College Faculty of Medication, informed NBC Information.
The danger of co-infection is but one more reason why it’s extra essential this yr than ever to get your flu vaccine. This straightforward act is not going to solely assist you to keep away from catching the flu, however will even assist forestall the virus from spreading all through your neighborhood and placing others in danger.
COVID-19 had twice the mortality charge of the flu amongst critically sick sufferers within the first direct comparability
A brand new examine printed Friday within the Annals of the American Thoracic Society is the primary to instantly evaluate the mortality charges of individuals contaminated with the flu versus these contaminated with COVID-19. The researchers noticed topics who have been critically sick and hospitalized for one of many two viruses, and located a 40 % mortality charge among the many COVID-19 sufferers and a 19 % mortality charge among the many influenza sufferers.
Because the pandemic started, researchers have been drawing parallels between the novel coronavirus and influenza, because the flu can also be extremely communicable and is accountable for so many hospitalizations and deaths within the US every year. Each viruses could cause folks to develop acute respiratory misery syndrome, however the researchers defined that this syndrome is extra frequent in COVID-19 sufferers than in flu sufferers, and that this may occasionally clarify the upper mortality charge. The examine additionally discovered that coronavirus sufferers general want to stay on ventilators for longer and usually tend to develop extreme lung irritation than flu sufferers.
Research exhibits that COVID-19 mutation could cause symptom flare-ups
A case examine of a 45-year-old male affected person at Brigham and Ladies’s Hospital in Boston confirmed that COVID-19 mutated shortly, inflicting a number of surges of signs and finally killing the affected person 5 months after he was first contaminated.
The examine, printed final week within the New England Journal of Medication, traced the person’s an infection over these 5 months. The affected person had a preexisting autoimmune dysfunction and took highly effective immunosuppressants as a part of his regular routine. He was initially hospitalized for COVID-19 and launched 5 days later. Nevertheless, over the course of the subsequent two months, he was hospitalized three extra occasions. Exams confirmed that the viral load was reducing, however that it surged again all of the sudden. After therapy, the virus subsided, then surged once more. Researchers analyzed the affected person and located that he had not been reinfected with the novel coronavirus; as an alternative, the virus had mutated inside his physique.
Nevertheless, it’s essential to grasp that viruses mutate always. We already knew that the novel coronavirus was mutating, and it’s not unusual for signs to reappear after mutation. A consortium of researchers from throughout the nation are already learning the mutations occurring within the virus. Whereas this examine could present some perception into how precisely SARS-CoV-2 is mutating and what occurs when it does, it shouldn’t be a trigger for concern.